Es besteht aus neun Insel-Atollen und etwa verstreut liegenden kleinen Inselchen. "Tuvalu" heißt so viel wie "Acht Inseln". Bis zum Jahr Die weit verstreuten Inseln des Funafuti-Atolls von Tuvalu im Südpazifik bieten Sonne, Strand Funafuti ist das Hauptatoll des pazifischen Inselstaates Tuvalu. Funafuti ist die Hauptinsel des Inselstaates Tuvalu, der sich aus neun bewohnten Inseln und Atollen zusammensetzt. Sie ist wie viele andere Inseln und niedrig.
Funafuti-Atoll, TuvaluEs besteht aus neun Insel-Atollen und etwa verstreut liegenden kleinen Inselchen. "Tuvalu" heißt so viel wie "Acht Inseln". Bis zum Jahr Tuvalu, ein Inselstaat im Pazifischen Ozean, ist für viele Menschen sehr idyllisch. Bis wird es nach Ansicht einiger Experten die Inseln von Tuvalu nicht. Sprachen, Tuvalu, Englisch, Samoanisch, Kiribati (auf der Insel Nui). Religionen Tuvalu, ehemals die Ellice Islands, ist ein Inselstaat in Ozeanien. Die Lage ist.
Tuvalu Insel Tartalomjegyzék VideoFlying to Tuvalu: A Dream Come True Tuvalu’s total land area accounts for less than 26 sq km. Already, two of Tuvalu’s nine islands are on the verge of going under, the government says, swallowed by sea-rise and coastal erosion. Some areas of Tuvalu have gained up to 14 acres of land in a decade while the most populated island, Funafuti, has traveled more than meters in four decades. Uncertain Future Tuvalu faces extinction with no easy solutions and zero guarantee that any attempts to save the island nation will work or even make a difference against the immense force of the ocean. Tuvalu is composed of nine coral atolls spanning miles of Polynesia surrounded by the South Pacific Ocean. Prewar and during World War II, part of the former Gilbert and Ellice Island Group. Also known as the Ellice Islands. Wartime History. Places to explore in Tuvalu Funafuti Encompassing an atoll of 33 islets, Funafuti is a tiny and laid back capital, dotted with traditional thatched roof buildings alongside the occasional concrete structure. The six atolls and three islands that make up Tuvalu together total only 25 square km in land area, curving northwest-southeast in a chain km long on the outer western edge of Polynesia History The ancestors of Tuvaluan people are believed to have arrived on the islands about years ago.
Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific and Government of Tuvalu. The Environmentalist. Arkiveret fra originalen PDF Note on Relative Sea Level Change at Funafuti, Tuvalu.
Retrieved 13 May BBC News. Hentet The New York Times — Green: A Blog about Energy and the Environment. Climate Change in the Pacific: Volume 2: Country Reports.
Australia Government: Pacific Climate Change Science Program. The Drum — Australian Broadcasting Corporation. The Guardian.
Report No. The Quest for Origins. New Zealand: Penguin. Australian Government — Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
The Independent. A small quantity of copra is produced for export, the sale of stamps accounts for modest earnings, and fees are collected from foreign fishing fleets, but the country depends heavily on foreign aid.
It imports most of its food, fuel, and manufactured goods. Retailing is handled by community-based cooperative societies.
Tuvalu uses Australian currency but also issues its own coinage. There is a single bank, a joint government-commercial venture.
Tuvalu has air links with Kiribati and Fiji; for international shipping, it depends on irregular regional services.
Seaplanes have been used for interisland travel, but generally the outer islands depend on a single government vessel.
Motorcycles are common on Funafuti, but there are few automobiles. Tuvalu is a constitutional monarchy within the Commonwealth , with the British monarch through a governor-general as head of state.
The government is a parliamentary democracy with a unicameral legislature elected by universal adult suffrage. There are no political parties: the prime minister is chosen by and from the legislature.
Tuvalu is a member of the South Pacific Forum. The government provides universal primary education and, under a joint arrangement with the Church of Tuvalu, secondary education to school certificate level for selected pupils.
A few are sent overseas for further education and training. Medical facilities are centralized on Funafuti, but all other islands have clinics with trained medical staff.
The Tuvaluan lifestyle has been Westernized to an extent, but Western-style amenities are few. He married Salai, the daughter of the paramount chief of Funafuti.
Louis Becke , who later found success as a writer, was a trader on Nanumanga from April until the trading station was destroyed later that year in a cyclone.
Some islands would have competing traders, while dryer islands might only have a single trader. In the later s and into first decade of the 20th century, structural changes occurred in the operation of the Pacific trading companies; they moved from a practice of having traders resident on each island to instead becoming a business operation where the supercargo the cargo manager of a trading ship would deal directly with the islanders when a ship visited an island.
From , the numbers of palagi traders in Tuvalu declined; the last of them were Fred Whibley on Niutao, Alfred Restieaux on Nukufetau,  and Martin Kleis on Nui.
The United States Exploring Expedition under Charles Wilkes visited Funafuti , Nukufetau and Vaitupu in In or , the New Zealand photographer Thomas Andrew visited Funafuti  and Nui.
In , Robert Louis Stevenson , his wife Fanny Vandegrift Stevenson and her son Lloyd Osbourne sailed on the Janet Nicoll , a trading steamer owned by Henderson and Macfarlane of Auckland, New Zealand, which operated between Sydney and Auckland and into the central Pacific.
The boreholes on Funafuti, at the site now called Darwin's Drill ,  are the result of drilling conducted by the Royal Society of London for the purpose of investigating the formation of coral reefs to determine whether traces of shallow water organisms could be found at depth in the coral of Pacific atolls.
This investigation followed the work on The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs conducted by Charles Darwin in the Pacific. Drilling occurred in , and Charles Hedley , a naturalist at the Australian Museum , accompanied the expedition, and during his stay on Funafuti he collected invertebrate and ethnological objects.
The descriptions of these were published in Memoir III of the Australian Museum Sydney between and Hedley also wrote the General Account of the Atoll of Funafuti ,  The Ethnology of Funafuti ,  and The Mollusca of Funafuti.
Harry Clifford Fassett , captain's clerk and photographer, recorded people, communities and scenes at Funafuti in during a visit of USFC Albatross when the United States Fish Commission was investigating the formation of coral reefs on Pacific atolls.
The Ellice Islands were administered as a British Protectorate from to , as part of the British Western Pacific Territories BWPT , by a Resident Commissioner based in the Gilbert Islands.
The administration of the BWTP ended in , and the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony was established, which existed until October During the Second World War , Ellice Islands were informally aligned with the Allies.
Early in the war, the Japanese invaded and occupied Makin , Tarawa and other islands in what is now Kiribati. The United States Marine Corps landed on Funafuti on 2 October  and on Nanumea and Nukufetau in August Funafuti was used as a base to prepare for the subsequent seaborne attacks on the Gilbert Islands Kiribati that were occupied by Japanese forces.
The islanders assisted the American forces building airfields on Funafuti , Nanumea and Nukufetau and to unload supplies from ships. The atolls of Tuvalu acted as staging posts during the preparation for the Battle of Tarawa and the Battle of Makin that commenced on 20 November , which were part of the implementation of "Operation Galvanic".
The formation of the United Nations after World War II resulted in the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization committing to a process of decolonisation; as a consequence, the British colonies in the Pacific started on a path to self-determination.
In , the ministerial government was introduced to the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony through a change to the Constitution.
In that year a general election was held,  and a referendum was held in to determine whether the Gilbert Islands and Ellice Islands should each have their own administration.
The Tuvaluan Order , which took effect on 1 October , recognised Tuvalu as a separate British dependency with its own government.
The second stage occurred on 1 January , when separate administrations were created out of the civil service of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony.
Elections to the House of Assembly of the British Colony of Tuvalu were held on 27 August , with Toaripi Lauti being appointed Chief Minister in the House of Assembly of the Colony of Tuvalu on 1 October The House of Assembly was dissolved in July , with the government of Toaripi Lauti continuing as a caretaker government until the elections were held.
Tuvalu became fully independent within the Commonwealth on 1 October The Constitution of Tuvalu states that it is "the supreme law of Tuvalu" and that "all other laws shall be interpreted and applied subject to this Constitution"; it sets out the Principles of the Bill of Rights and the Protection of the Fundamental Rights and Freedoms.
Tuvalu is a parliamentary democracy and Commonwealth realm with Elizabeth II as Queen of Tuvalu. Since the Queen resides in the United Kingdom, she is represented in Tuvalu by a Governor General , whom she appoints upon the advice of the Prime Minister of Tuvalu.
From the creation of the British colony of Tuvalu until independence, the legislative body of Tuvalu was called the House of the Assembly or Fale I Fono.
Following independence in October , the House of the Assembly was renamed the Parliament of Tuvalu or Palamene o Tuvalu.
The members of parliament select the Prime Minister who is the head of government and the Speaker of Parliament. The ministers that form the Cabinet are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister.
The Tuvalu National Library and Archives holds "vital documentation on the cultural, social and political heritage of Tuvalu", including surviving records from the colonial administration, as well as Tuvalu government archives.
Tuvalu is a state party to the following human rights treaties: the Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC ; the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women CEDAW and; the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities CRPD.
TK III includes new strategic areas, in addition to the eight identified in TK II, which are climate change; environment; migration and urbanisation; and oceans and seas.
There are eight Island Courts and Lands Courts; appeals in relation to land disputes are made to the Lands Courts Appeal Panel.
The superior court is the High Court of Tuvalu as it has unlimited original jurisdiction to determine the Law of Tuvalu and to hear appeals from the lower courts.
Rulings of the High Court can be appealed to the Court of Appeal of Tuvalu. From the Court of Appeal, there is a right of appeal to Her Majesty in Council, i.
With regard to the judiciary, "the first female Island Court magistrate was appointed to the Island Court in Nanumea in the s and another in Nukulaelae in the early s.
The Law of Tuvalu comprises the Acts voted into law by the Parliament of Tuvalu and statutory instruments that become law; certain Acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom during the time Tuvalu was either a British protectorate or British colony ; the common law ; and customary law particularly in relation to the ownership of land.
Tuvalu participates in the work of the Pacific Community SPC and is a member of the Pacific Islands Forum , the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations.
It has maintained a mission at the United Nations in New York City since It is a member of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank.
Tuvalu maintains close relations with Fiji, New Zealand, Australia which has maintained a High Commission in Tuvalu since , Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the European Union.
It has diplomatic relations with Taiwan; the country maintains one of the two foreign embassies in Tuvalu and has a large assistance programme in the islands.
A major international priority for Tuvalu in the UN, at the Earth Summit in Johannesburg , South Africa and in other international fora, is promoting concern about global warming and the possible sea level rising.
Tuvalu advocates ratification and implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. In December , the islands stalled talks on climate change at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, fearing some other developing countries were not committing fully to binding deals on a reduction in carbon emissions.
Their chief negotiator stated, "Tuvalu is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change and our future rests on the outcome of this meeting.
Tuvalu participates in the Alliance of Small Island States AOSIS , which is a coalition of small island and low-lying coastal countries that have concerns about their vulnerability to the adverse effects of global climate change.
The feasibility of wind power generation will be considered. Tuvalu is party to a treaty of friendship with the United States, signed soon after independence and ratified by the US Senate in , under which the United States renounced prior territorial claims to four Tuvaluan islands Funafuti , Nukufetau , Nukulaelae and Niulakita under the Guano Islands Act of Tuvalu participates in the operations of the Pacific Island Forum Fisheries Agency FFA  and the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission WCPFC.
The United States and the Pacific Islands countries have negotiated the Multilateral Fisheries Treaty which encompasses the South Pacific Tuna Treaty to confirm access to the fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific for US tuna boats.
Tuvalu and the other members of the Pacific Island Forum Fisheries Agency FFA and the United States have settled a tuna fishing deal for ; a longer-term deal will be negotiated.
In July , Tuvalu signed the Memorandum of Understanding MOU to establish the Pacific Regional Trade and Development Facility, which Facility originated in , in the context of negotiations for an Economic Partnership Agreement EPA between Pacific ACP States and the European Union.
The rationale for the creation of the Facility being to improve the delivery of aid to Pacific island countries in support of the Aid-for-Trade AfT requirements.
The Pacific ACP States are the countries in the Pacific that are signatories to the Cotonou Agreement with the European Union.
On 18 February , Tuvalu signed the Pacific Islands Development Forum Charter and formally joined the Pacific Islands Development Forum PIDF.
Tuvalu has no regular military forces, and spends no money on the military. Its national police force, the Tuvalu Police Force headquartered in Funafuti , includes a maritime surveillance unit, customs, prisons and immigration.
Police officers wear British-style uniforms. From to the Tuvalu policed its kilometre Exclusive Economic Zone with the Pacific-class patrol boat HMTSS Te Mataili , provided by Australia.
Australia gave Tuvalu and 11 other partners in the Pacific Forum , for use in maritime surveillance and fishery patrol and for search-and-rescue missions.
On 7 April , Australia donated a Guardian-class patrol boat that was named HMTSS Te Mataili II , and which will be operated by the maritime surveillance unit of the Tuvalu Police Force.
Male homosexuality is illegal in Tuvalu. Tuvalu consists of six atolls and three reef islands. The smallest, Niulakita, is administered as part of Niutao.
Each island has its own high-chief, or ulu-aliki, and several sub-chiefs alikis. The community council is the Falekaupule the traditional assembly of elders or te sina o fenua literally: "grey-hairs of the land".
In the past, another caste, the priests tofuga , were also amongst the decision-makers. The ulu-aliki and aliki exercise informal authority at the local level.
Ulu-aliki are always chosen based on ancestry. Under the Falekaupule Act ,  the powers and functions of the Falekaupule are now shared with the pule o kaupule elected village presidents; one on each atoll.
Tuvalu has ISO codes defined for one town council Funafuti and seven island councils. Niulakita, which now has its own island council, is not listed, as it is administered as part of Niutao.
The population at the census was 9,,  and the population at the census was 10, Life expectancy for women in Tuvalu is From to , a number of Tuvaluans from Vaitupu migrated to Kioa , an island in Fiji.
In recent years, New Zealand and Australia have been the primary destinations for migration or seasonal work. In , attention was drawn to an appeal to the New Zealand Immigration and Protection Tribunal against the deportation of a Tuvaluan family on the basis that they were "climate change refugees", who would suffer hardship resulting from the environmental degradation of Tuvalu.
New Zealand has an annual quota of 75 Tuvaluans granted work permits under the Pacific Access Category , as announced in The Tuvaluan language and English are the national languages of Tuvalu.
It is most closely related to the languages spoken on the Polynesian outliers in Micronesia and northern and central Melanesia.
The Tuvaluan language has borrowed from the Samoan language, as a consequence of Christian missionaries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries being predominantly Samoan.
The Tuvaluan language is spoken by virtually everyone, while a language very similar to Gilbertese is spoken on Nui.
Parliament and official functions are conducted in the Tuvaluan language. There are about 13, Tuvaluan speakers worldwide.
The Congregational Christian Church of Tuvalu , which is part of the Christian Reformed tradition , is the state church of Tuvalu;  although in practice this merely entitles it to "the privilege of performing special services on major national events".
Other Christian groups include the Roman Catholic community served by the Mission Sui Iuris of Funafuti , and the Seventh-day Adventist which has 2.
It constitutes 2. The introduction of Christianity ended the worship of ancestral spirits and other deities animism ,  along with the power of the vaka-atua the priests of the old religions.
Laumua Kofe describes the objects of worship as varying from island to island, although ancestor worship was described by Rev.
Whitmee in as being common practice. The Princess Margaret Hospital on Funafuti is the only hospital in Tuvalu and the primary provider of medical services.
Since the late 20th century the biggest health problem in Tuvalu, and the leading cause of death, has been heart disease ,  which is closely followed by diabetes  and high blood pressure.
Education in Tuvalu is free and compulsory between the ages of 6 and 15 years. Each island has a primary school. Motufoua Secondary School is located on Vaitupu.
Fetuvalu Secondary School , a day school operated by the Church of Tuvalu , is on Funafuti. Fetuvalu offers the Cambridge syllabus. Motufoua offers the Fiji Junior Certificate FJC at year 10, Tuvaluan Certificate at Year 11 and the Pacific Senior Secondary Certificate PSSC at Year 12, which is set by SPBEA, the Fiji -based exam board.
This program is required for tertiary education programmes outside of Tuvalu and is available at the University of the South Pacific USP Extension Centre in Funafuti.
Required attendance at school is 10 years for males and 11 years for females The teacher-pupil ratio for primary schools in Tuvalu is around for all schools with the exception of Nauti School, which has a ratio of Nauti School on Funafuti is the largest primary school in Tuvalu with more than students 45 percent of the total primary school enrollment.
The pupil-teacher ratio for Tuvalu is low compared to the entire Pacific region ratio of Community Training Centres CTCs have been established within the primary schools on each atoll.
They provide vocational training to students who do not progress beyond Class 8 because they failed the entry qualifications for secondary education.
The CTCs offer training in basic carpentry , gardening and farming , sewing and cooking. At the end of their studies the graduates can apply to continue studies either at Motufoua Secondary School or the Tuvalu Maritime Training Institute TMTI.
Adults can also attend courses at the CTCs. Four tertiary institutions offer technical and vocational courses: Tuvalu Maritime Training Institute TMTI , Tuvalu Atoll Science Technology Training Institute TASTII , Australian Pacific Training Coalition APTC and University of the South Pacific USP Extension Centre.
The Tuvaluan Employment Ordinance of sets the minimum age for paid employment at 14 years and prohibits children under the age of 15 from performing hazardous work.
The traditional buildings of Tuvalu used plants and trees from the native broadleaf forest,  including timber from pouka Hernandia peltata ; ngia or ingia bush Pemphis acidula ; miro Thespesia populnea ; Tonga Rhizophora mucronata ; Fau or Fo fafini , or woman's fibre tree Hibiscus tiliaceus.
Following contact with Europeans, iron products were used including nails and corrugated roofing material. Modern building in Tuvalu are constructed from imported building materials, including imported timber and concrete.
Church and community buildings maneapa are usually coated with white paint that is known as lase , which is made by burning a large amount of dead coral with firewood.
The whitish powder that is the result is mixed with water and painted on the buildings. The women of Tuvalu use cowrie and other shells in traditional handicrafts.
The design of women's skirts titi , tops teuga saka , headbands , armbands , and wristbands , which continue to be used in performances of the traditional dance songs of Tuvalu, represents contemporary Tuvaluan art and design.
In , an exhibition was held on Funafuti of the art of Tuvalu, with works that addressed climate change through the eyes of artists and the display of Kope ote olaga possessions of life , a display of the various artefacts of Tuvalu culture.
The traditional music of Tuvalu consists of a number of dances, including fakaseasea , fakanau and fatele. The cuisine of Tuvalu is based on the staple of coconut and the many species of fish found in the ocean and lagoons of the atolls.
Desserts made on the islands include coconut and coconut milk , rather than animal milk. The traditional foods eaten in Tuvalu are pulaka , taro , bananas, breadfruit  and coconut.
Another traditional food source is seabirds taketake or black noddy and akiaki or white tern , with pork being eaten mostly at fateles or parties with dancing to celebrate events.
Pulaka is the main source for carbohydrates. Seafood provides protein. Bananas and breadfruit are supplemental crops.
Coconut is used for its juice, to make other beverages and to improve the taste of some dishes. A square-metre pond was built in on Vaitupu to sustain aquaculture in Tuvalu.
Flying fish are also caught as a source of food;  and as an exciting activity, using a boat, a butterfly net and a spotlight to attract the flying fish.
The traditional community system still survives to a large extent on Tuvalu. Each family has its own task, or salanga , to perform for the community, such as fishing , house building or defence.
The skills of a family are passed on from parents to children. Most islands have their own fusi , community-owned shops similar to convenience stores , where canned foods and bags of rice can be purchased.
Goods are cheaper, and fusis give better prices for their own produce. Another important building is the falekaupule or maneapa , the traditional island meeting hall ,  where important matters are discussed and which is also used for wedding celebrations and community activities such as a fatele involving music, singing and dancing.
Under the Falekaupule Act, Falekaupule means "traditional assembly in each island Aganu means traditional customs and culture.
Paopao from the Samoan language , meaning a small fishing-canoe made from a single log , is the traditional single- outrigger canoe of Tuvalu, of which the largest could carry four to six adults.
The variations of single-outrigger canoes that had been developed on Vaitupu and Nanumea were reef-type or paddled canoes; that is, they were designed for carrying over the reef and being paddled, rather than being sailed.
These canoes were designed to be sailed over the Nui lagoon. This made the Nui canoe more stable when used with a sail than the other designs.
A traditional sport played in Tuvalu is kilikiti , which is similar to cricket. The popular sports in Tuvalu include kilikiti , Ano , association football, futsal , volleyball, handball , basketball and rugby union.
Tuvalu has sports organisations for athletics , badminton, tennis, table tennis, volleyball, football, basketball , rugby union , weightlifting and powerlifting.
At the Pacific Mini Games , Tuau Lapua Lapua won Tuvalu's first gold medal in an international competition in the weightlifting 62 kilogram male snatch.
He also won bronze in the clean and jerk , and obtained the silver medal overall for the combined event. Football in Tuvalu is played at club and national team level.
The Tuvalu national football team trains at the Tuvalu Sports Ground in Funafuti and competes in the Pacific Games. The Tuvalu National Football Association is an associate member of the Oceania Football Confederation OFC and is seeking membership in FIFA.
A major sporting event is the "Independence Day Sports Festival" held annually on 1 October. The most important sports event within the country is arguably the Tuvalu Games , which are held yearly since Tuvalu first participated in the Pacific Games in and in the Commonwealth Games in , when a weightlifter attended the games held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Tuvaluan athletes have also participated in the men's and women's metres sprint at the World Championships in Athletics from The Tuvalu Association of Sports and National Olympic Committee TASNOC was recognised as a National Olympic Committee in July Tuvalu entered the Olympic Games for the first time at the Summer Games in Beijing, China, with a weightlifter and two athletes in the men's and women's metres sprint.
A team with athletes in the same events represented Tuvalu at the Summer Olympics. From to , Tuvalu was one of the best-performing Pacific Island economies and achieved an average real gross domestic product GDP growth rate of 5.
Economic growth slowed after , with GDP growth of 1. Tuvalu was exposed to rapid rises in world prices of fuel and food in , with the level of inflation peaking at Tuvalu joined the International Monetary Fund IMF on 24 June GDP grew in for the first time since the global financial crisis, led by the private retail sector and education spending.
We expect growth to rise slowly". The Country Report describes economic growth prospects as generally positive as the result of large revenues from fishing licences, together with substantial foreign aid.
The government is the primary provider of medical services through Princess Margaret Hospital on Funafuti , which operates health clinics on the other islands.
Banking services are provided by the National Bank of Tuvalu. Remittances from Tuvaluans living in Australia and New Zealand, and remittances from Tuvaluan sailors employed on overseas ships are important sources of income for Tuvaluans.
Agriculture in Tuvalu is focused on coconut trees and growing pulaka in large pits of composted soil below the water table. Tuvaluans are otherwise involved in traditional subsistence agriculture and fishing.
Tuvaluans are well known for their seafaring skills, with the Tuvalu Maritime Training Institute on Amatuku motu island , Funafuti , providing training to approximately marine cadets each year so that they have the skills necessary for employment as seafarers on merchant shipping.
The Tuvalu Overseas Seamen's Union TOSU is the only registered trade union in Tuvalu. It represents workers on foreign ships.
The Asian Development Bank ADB estimates that Tuvaluan men are trained, certified and active as seafarers. Government revenues largely come from sales of fishing licences, income from the Tuvalu Trust Fund , and from the lease of its ".
In , Tuvalu began deriving revenue from the use of its area code for premium-rate telephone numbers and from the commercialisation of its ".
The Tuvalu Trust Fund was established in by the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand. Australia and New Zealand continue to contribute capital to the Tuvalu Trust Fund, and provide other forms of development assistance.
The US government is also a major revenue source for Tuvalu. In May , representatives from the United States and the Pacific Islands countries agreed to sign interim arrangement documents to extend the Multilateral Fisheries Treaty which encompasses the South Pacific Tuna Treaty for 18 months.
The United Nations designates Tuvalu as a least developed country LDC because of its limited potential for economic development, absence of exploitable resources and its small size and vulnerability to external economic and environmental shocks.
Prime Minister Enele Sopoaga said that this deferral was necessary to maintain access by Tuvalu to the funds provided by the United Nations's National Adaptation Programme of Action NAPA , as "Once Tuvalu graduates to a developed country, it will not be considered for funding assistance for climate change adaptation programmes like NAPA, which only goes to LDCs".
Tuvalu had met targets so that Tuvalu was to graduate from LDC status. Prime minister Enele Sopoaga wants the United Nations to reconsider its criteria for graduation from LDC status as not enough weight is given to the environmental plight of small island states like Tuvalu in the application of the Environmental Vulnerability Index EVI.
Due to the country's remoteness, tourism is not significant. The main island of Funafuti is the focus of travellers, since the only airport in Tuvalu is the Funafuti International Airport and Funafuti is the only island that has hotel facilities.
The Funafuti Conservation Area consists of Tuvalu Ellice Islands. Location Tuvalu is composed of nine coral atolls spanning miles of Polynesia surrounded by the South Pacific Ocean.
Prewar and during World War II, part of the former Gilbert and Ellice Island Group. Also known as the Ellice Islands.